Part?Ⅳ??Responses and Suggestions
1??Australia, IUCN/WCPA, Chair: Elery Hamilton- Smith
I am sure we will be able to relate your project to the IUCN project on Guidelines for Protection of Karst Biota. I look forward to discussing this further with you-hopefully in Turkey.
Do you still have copies of the newsletters from your earlier projects 299 and 379? If so, I would be very glad to have a copy of each.?
( Feb. 22, 2000)
Working Group on Caves and Karst, IUCN/WCPA, Circular N0.9 (Oct., 1999)?
IUCN= International Union for Conservation of Nature?
WCPA= World Commission on Protected Areas
Threats and Problems in Karst Protection
The Karst Waters Institute does a??valuable service in a listing of the most important endangered karst sites. Currently, this list includes:
1.Cambodian Caves, Cambodian
2.Church and Bitumen Caves, Bermuda
|?||3.Edwards Aquifer, Texas, USA|
|?||4.Koloa Lava Tube System, Hawaii,USA|
|?||5.Kosciusko Island, Alaska, USA|
|?||6.Movile Cave, Romania|
|?||7.North-Northwest Karst Province, Puerto Rico|
|?||8.Organ Cave, West Virginia, USA|
|?||9.Snail Shell Cave, Tennessee, USA|
|?||10.Zinzulusa Cave, Italy|
But there are many other areas under threat. I have been personally involved at Cape Range (Western Australia) in helping to produce a report.
World Heritage Listing of Karst Area
The IUCN has a commitment to work with and advise UNESCO on the inscription of Natural heritage properties on the World heritage register. Karst areas and larger areas including significant karst which are already listed include:
Australia: The Tasmanian Wilderness; Riversleigh & Naracoorte fossil mammal sites?
Canada: Nahanni National Park; Rocky Mountain Parks?
China: Huanglong; Jiuzhaigou Valley?
New Zealand: Te Wahipounamu; Solomon Island; East Rennell?
Slovenia: Skocjan Caves?
United States: Grand Canyon National Park; Mammoth Cave National Park;?
?????????????????????? Carlsbad Caverns National Park?
Vietnam:??Ha Long Bay
Guidelines for Protection of Karst Biota.
|?||Purpose of these guidelines?
Place within the IUCN Context
|(2)Karst as a biotic environment|
|?||Karst as a holistic system?
Chemical context of the karst?
Structural elements of karst (incl role of meso-caverns)?
A wide diversity of karst habitats?
Karst waters:rivers & streams, lakes, aquifers, anchialine waters, sea water
|(3)?Karst Ecosystems of the Wqorld|
|?||Ancient Peri-glacial karsts?
Temperature region karsts?
Tropical rain-forest karsts?
Dry tropical karsts?
Speciation & diversity; endemism?
|(5)A Systematic Overview of Karst Biota|
|?||(including specific threats and protective measures where appropriate)?
Microbiota-nanobia, bacteria, Protozoa, fungi, algae, etc.?
Mosses & lichens, ferns?
Reptiles & Amphibians?
Birds & Mammals
|(6)Threats to karst biota|
|?||The general threats including quarrying, flooding, land-use changes, etc.?
Changes which specifically impact on biota?
Water-borne pollution, including eutrophication, human interaction,??invasive species.
Inclusion in Protected area?
Public education: targeting specific groups
Thank you for your letter. I am delighted to read that the Karst Ecosystem proposal has been adopted. I believe that it could produce new and important results, certainly from the perspective of global preservation of the variety of karst eco-assemlages that occur. I will be happy to participate in this new initiative that you have taken, and congratulated upon its successful beginning. We have extensive tracts of "alvar" land (pavement with distinctive vegetation ) in central Canada, for example, that have been quite well studied.?
? Feb. 15, 2000
Thank you very much for information about IGCP 448 " World Correlation on Karst Geology and Its Relevant Ecosystem ". I participated in IGCP 379 ,and I and my Laboratory are very interested to participate in IGCP 448. We are dealing with karst investigation in Croatia using isotopic methods, mostly?14C and?3H, but also stable isotopes like?2H/1H,?18O/16O and?13C/12C. I sent you by mail few years ago our publications concerning karst investigation in Croatia. We also investigate some anthropogenic influence on the karst environment, e.g.,?14C and?3H in the atmosphere and their reflection in recent lake sediments, in speleothems and in ice deposits in karst region.
I filled Registration form for IGCP 448 and sent by e-mail. My colleagues from the Laboratory, Dr. Bogomil Obelic and Dr. Ines Krajcar Bronic would also like to be involved in this Project. Is there any limitation who and how many people from one laboratory can participate in this project??
Hoping to have a good cooperation in the future?
With best regards?
Dr. Sc. Nada Horvatincic?
14C &3H Laboratory?
Rudjer Boskovic Institute?
P.O. Box 180?
10002 ZAGREB, Croatia?
P.S.: Halka Bilinski and Stanislav Franciskovic are making comparison on the tufa deposits in Croatia and South China.
The first meeting of Chinese National Working Group of IGCP 448 was held from May 16 to 18, 2000 at the Southwest Normal University in Chongqing.
65 people took part in the meeting, including geologists, geomorphologists, geochemists, pedologists, biologists, and environment and resources scientists. Prof. Yuan Daoxian, the proposer of IGCP 448, detailed the basic ideas, background, objectives, work schedule of IGCP 448, and made suggestions on how to put the Project into implementation in China. 18 papers were presented in the meeting.
After the Symposium, participants visited the Jinfushan Karst Forest National Park, which is considered as one of China's Correlation sites for IGCP 448. The Karst Forest is underlain by carbonate rocks from Cambrian to Permian, and distributes on slopes from 550m to 2251m a.s.l..
It is characterized as following: (1) The high relief brings about vertical zonation of climate, vegetation and soil, this makes it possible to compare different Kasrt Ecosystems within short distance; (2) good biodiversity, there are 5099 species of plants,??and 538 species of animals; (3) caves developed on different altitude, and are?favourable for subterranean ecosystem comparison; (4) human impact on karst forest is varied on different altitude of the slope. In general, the lower part is more effected by cultivation. So it is also good to study the mutual effects of karst ecological system and human activities.
six people sent back IGCP 448 registration form
Dept. of Geography, Shaanxi Normal University,?
Chan'an Road, Xi'an, P.R. China?
Maolan Karst Nature Preserve?
Libo County, Guizhou, P.R. China?
Tel: (0854) 3615222?
Fax: (0854) 3610675?
Inst. of Hydrogeology and environmental Geology, CAGS?
26 Baiwanzhuang Road, 100037,Beijing, P.R.China?
Dept. of Geography, Nanjing University?
22 Hankou Road, Nanjing, P.R.China 210093?
Dept. of water Resources and Environmental Engineering, China University of Geosciences?
29 Xueyuan Road, Beijing, P.R.China 100083?
I am very delighted and grateful for receiving resourceful information via email from you on January 17, 2000 concerning karst formation in China. May I, first, take this opportunity to wish you a Prospective New Year 2000 and New Millenium.
It is, indeed, amazing to learn the great extent and the enormously vast distribution of this phenomenal natural body in China. Given the known susceptibility of this land resources to the actions of various chemical, physical, and anthropogenic factors which lead to its degradation, it is not surprising that nowadays we are confronted??to many serious problems. Upon going through the entire contents of your website on the?Karst Dynamics Laboratory?I am very impressed with both what you have been working with and what you have achieved in this matter. In addition to the environmental dimension, I assume the agricultural aspects of the problems may also be dealt with in your Project.
Although not so extensive as yours??in its existence, we in Indonesia have almost similar problem with our karst land which strech out along the western and southern peripheres of Indonesia archipelago. At present our attention is focusing on the environmental and agricultural aspects, in an effort to cope with the socio-economical problems of the overpopulation area.
As depicted on the contents of your website, one of the items on the list of activities of your institute provides "Research Application Form ".??Kindly, I would be grateful and appreciate if you would be willing to send further information about this matter in more little detail.?
I look forward to hearing from you at your earliest convenience, I remain.
Ir. Sambudhi Sudibyo, M. Sc.?
Dept. of Soil Science?
Faculty of Agriculture?
Gadjah Mada University?
Sekip, Unit I, Yogyakarta, INDONESIA.?
I am interested in being a member of the IGCP Project(IGCP 448)"World Correlation on Karst Geology and its Relevant??Ecosystem". I became aware of this project while searching for some information in the web, and noticed that you are the leader.
I am a Research Associate at the Autonomous University of Yucatan in Mexico working in the Environmental Engineering Department of the Engineering School. We carry out research pertaining to the karstic aquifer of the Yucatan Peninsula.?
Please send me relative information on how to proceed.
Thank you in advance.
Thank you for the invitation to co-operate in the "World correlation on karst geology and its relevant ecosystem". I am very glad to hear that you have remembered our trip to the sand area in the vicinity of Triassic and Jurassic incrops. We have still been working out the process of bicenotic system regeneration in areas of sand surface excavations. We have recognized biocenosis which occur either in areas overflowed with the water of low hydrogen ion or areas where deposit calcium carbonate. The last mentioned have similar floral composition to biocenosis formed after glacial retreat.
I promise to prepare materials relevant to your programme as soon as possible
with best wishes?
I would like to express my very big surprise on your great activity in the field of karst science. Thank you very much for sent last month information on new project of karst studies. Specially I’m interested on these studies which are concerned with collapse and subsidence processes in karst area. My scientific work in the University of Silesia will connected for next years with this topic (in our Polish, mostly covered Karst with palaeokarstic features you have seen, conditions). I will be very thankful if you will send me all the activity information concerned with this new project.?
Thank you very much in advance?
Dr. Andrzej Tyc?
Department of Geomorphology?
University of Silesia?
ul. Bedzinska 60, 41-200 Sosnowiec?
Dr. Chris Groves, Co-leader of IGCP 448, and director of Hoffman Environmental Research Institute, Western Kentucky University, USA visited Guilin, China from June 11 to June 24, 2000. The Two Co-leaders of IGCP 448, Prof. Yuan Daoxian (KDL of China), and Dr. Chris Groves discussed in detail issues on smooth running of the Project for the next 5 years, including the use of GIS, the involvement of US Karst Scientists in the Project, and the Project’s 2003 meeting in USA.
All of us are very happy and congratulate your new IGCP project. We believe that the IGCP 448 project will offer us an opportunity for karst studying in general and especially the ecosystem of the humid tropical karst in South China and Vietnam. We will make as many efforts as possible to well contribute to your project.
My project on “study of karst geology in NW Vietnam” was finished in 1998. The other project on “Prognoses of human impacts and geologic environmental changes on Sonla hydroelectric reservoir” have also been finished in March of this year. The results were considered to be fruitful.
We are implementing other cooperation project in NW karst with Belgium. The duration is 5 years. Hoping that more beautiful results will come. Regarding your project, we begin to collect data concerning to ecologic system on Vietnam karst.
Now the summer is coming in Vietnam. I hope to receive you and your wife in Vietnam to enjoy Halong bay landscape.?
With best regards?
Dr. Do Tuyet
Dear Prof. Daoxian,
Congratulations for the new IGCP 448 project! I’m happy that you directed this project to the ecological problems of karst. Just opposite to the previous one, these are a lot of data for the territory of Yugoslavia concerning correlation on karst geology(hydrogeology) and its relevant ecosystems(not only in karst of Montenegro, but also of Serbia). This letter is some kind of expression of interest of me and my daughter Snezana (she was your guest in Guilin in 1994 for the first IGCP project on karst hydrogeology) to join the project 448. We will try to give as bigger contribution as possible to the appropriate activities.
Miomir Komatina, Belgrade, Yugoslavia
Y.Y. Shopov (Bulgaria), Bogdan Onac (Romania), Liu Zaihua, Cao Jianhua, Yuan Daoxian, (China), Bartolome Andreo Navarro (Spain), Darlene M. Anthony, Chris Groves, Joe Meiman (USA), and William White (USA) had sent their manuscripts or abstracts for the final book of IGCP 379 “Karst Processes and the Carbon Cycle”.